Paint is a liquid substance which forms solid layer after drying. The main purpose of paint is decoration, protection, art, and communication. It also provides color and texture to a substance. However, a substance can be made out of any material. Paint provides protection to the substance from many side effects of nature for example,
- It protects metallic surfaces from rust which, metaphorically speaking is cancerous for metallic substances.
- It shields concrete, cement and other construction material from rain, UV rays, stains, and insects.
- Paint film is coated on those areas which are made out of wood because it stops
- Water seepage
- Desiccation of wood in the sunlight
Classes of Wall Paints
If you are searching paint for your new home then, as a matter of fact, it would be best if you know which paint to select. There are two major classes of wall paints which are;
- Water based paints
- Oil based paints
Water Based Paints
This paint is categorized by its solvent content which, as it shows by its name, is based on water. Except for binder and pigment its major solvent content is tap water. Today majority of house hold are using water based paints and are famous among the users.
Benefits of water-based paints
- Ability to dry quick
- More color stability over time
- Little volatile organic components
- Have an elastic and flexible finish which shows excellent resilient to cracking
Oil based paints
Paint is categorized in this category because of its solvent content. This paint use oils such as kerosene oil, petrol, xylene, white spirit and toluene etc. Because of its oil usage, this paint is not much cost effective. However, it has many advantages over water based paints. Although, many paint companies have developed water-borne alkyds. They are same as costly as oil based paints. However, these waterborne alkyds behave same as oil-based paints and show decent surface leveling and smooth, shiny finish.
Benefits of oil-based paints
- Shiny, slippery, and Glossy paint finish
- Shows phenomena of better self-leveling
- More durable and resistant to weather conditions
- From the more hard film, therefore, are more tough to scratch and chipping off.
A Thing of Caution
You cannot make a hybrid of above-mentioned classes of paints. You have to be careful while repainting your house. If formerly, your house was coated with oil based paint and this time you chose to recoat it with water based paint then you should know water based paint would not stick on your walls for longer. It will show poor adhesion to the wall surface. For such change of paint system, it is suggested that;
- First, you scrub out all the previous paint
- Then make the surface rough for maximum adhesion either by sanding or pressure sandblasting technique
- Clean the surface with proper solvent or wall cleaner
- Paint it with new water based paint.
By this method, you can get more firmly adhered and long lasting paint.
Wall Paint finishes
Paint finish depends on the company or on the kind of binder used in that paint. Paint finishes vastly vary among the customer according to design and texture. You can buy many kinds of paint finishes from the store. Some of the basic finishes are described below;
1. Matte Paint finish
Matte paint finish is the most communal type of indoor wall paint. These paints have no shiny surface. It’s sheen level is from 0 to 12%. This paint is very easy to apply. These can be easily applied by brush or roller. As they have more pigment to binder ratio, therefore, they single coat covers many areas.
2. Matte Enamel finish
Matte enamel is particularly similar to matte paint; however, matte enamels have a tendency to be significantly much stronger. It is considerably less difficult to clean and seldom requires restoring. It is likewise good for the kitchen, where you’ll routinely need to wipe the dividers.
3. Satin finish
Most people don’t understand the concept of stain finish. People resemble stain finish with the matte finish. But in actuality, there is a very fine line between matte finish and stain finish them somewhat different from each other. Although, satin finish paint enamels are very famous among customers for interior wall painting.
4. Eggshell finish
Eggshell finish comes between the satin finish and semi-gloss finish. Its sheen value is more than stain finish but less than a semi-gloss finish. This paint is easy to apply and covers more area in a single coat.
5. Semi-gloss finish
This finish is a semi-gloss which show sheen value in between 45 -60%. Upon drying it forms a hard coat and is easy to cleanse. It’s single coat covers comparatively less area because it has comparatively low pigment to binder ratio.
6. Glitter Paint finish
Glitter paint generates an otherworldly touch to a room. This paint is specially developed for child’s room. It is also being used for wall decorations, guest room decoration, and ceilings decoration. The method is a bit tricky to apply the paint and requires a bit more proficiency and tolerance. Once it is done, it generates eye-catching results.
7. Gloss Paint finish
Glossy paint is very shiny and shown its sheen value in between 85-98% and sometimes up to 100%. Mostly people prefer this paint on windows, gates and metallic doors because it is too shiny. It has the lowest pigment to binder ratio, therefore, it takes more than one coat to cover the surface.
A great man once quoted;
‘Eat glitter for breakfast and shine all day’ –Victor Tellegio
This paint is specially designed for children, which provide some epic look to the walls. It uses some shiny glitter particles mixed up with a binder and then it is applied to the wall. Glitter wall paint is now available in many colors. this paint also gives a remarkable paint covering to the wall.
Components of Glitter paint
Glitter paint has 3 coat systems or 3 component paint. Its components are;
- Base varnish
- Top varnish or glaze
Technical Datasheet of Glitter Paint
|Liter capacity (L)||1L, 4L|
|Coverage||Up to 10 m² per liter|
|Touch dry time||2-4hours|
Toxicity of Glitter
It is not recommended to eat glitter. However, most glitters which are commercially available are not harmful. If you inhale or ingest some amount by accident it will not harm you in any way. Safety and regulatory datasheets come with the packing and safety hazards are stated in these papers. To refrain from any danger kindly always abide by the instructions or guidelines.
Tips for Applying Glitter Wall Paint
This paint is a bit difficult to apply. In the first place, you should have some practice before applying it. Here are some tips to apply this paint.
1. Cleaning of the Wall
For better adhesion of paint, the base should be cleaned thoroughly.
If any dust particle or oil particle remains on the wall the will chip off. So First and foremost thing before applying new paint is to clean the wall surface carefully. You can use some detergent and slightly warm water to scrape off any oil contamination.
2. Use of Glitter in Paint
There are many ways to use glitters. The diversity of the usage of glitters purely depends upon a person’s imagination or creativity. One can use many kinds of glitters for a wall painting, for new designs, for making an abstract art. The amount of glitter controls the opacity of paint and it also depends on the usage. One method to use glitter is that it is premixed in the varnish and before applying just proper mixing is required. This type of glitter paint can be applied either by rollers or by a paint brush. Different size of a brush can be used for making any abstract art. A number of coats applied on the wall depending upon the level of opacity you are requiring.
3. Apply Glitter Afterward
Another method to use glitter is that firstly base varnish is applied on the wall and then glitter is sprayed on the base varnish. This method is obsolete now it used in the earlier times. this method has many defects which are
- Glitter does not adhere properly in the base varnish,
- Glitter stats making clusters and this method was too disorganized.
- As the time passes glitter’s bond become weak with the varnish. Consequently, glitter starts peeling off.
4. Corners are best to Start
If you want the optimum outcome of you wall painting, you should start painting from the corners and then move the painting to the center of the wall. It reduces the risk of repainting and increases your consistency. Only this way you can get success in glitter wall painting.
5. Cover Things Around
Although paint makes a dry solid film after drying but in the wet form, it is a liquid. As we all know liquid has the tendency to flow, expand and spatter. So before painting cover everything up including yourself. Cover those areas of the wall you do not wish to paint and the area of the floor which just beneath the wall being painted. however, If you are painting the whole wall then there is a huge chance that paint will spatter therefore it is wise to use paint coveralls, hair protection, and gloves while painting.
6. Final layer of Glaze
As glitter wall paint is not all glossy. It is in between the glossy and semi-gloss category. To increase its beauty it is must to add a top varnish or glaze. Glaze increases paint’s gloss and becomes all shiny. Another benefit of glaze is that it protects glitter form scrubbing off and it prevents children from eating consequently minimize glitter hazard.
Best uses of glitter wall paint
Glitter paint is the Milky Way galaxy for the children. It provides a room the special sparkly look and shiny surface that every child wants. It makes an out of this world look on the room ceiling and also shows ceiling as a distant sky.
- Shiny particles are added in the paint to make it glitter paint. It is best to use this paint on the walls, ceiling or on stenciling to make design and to it more beautiful and mesmerizing.
- If some soft and light colors are used glitter paint also gives feminine kind of look. It would be a great idea to use it in a princess themed room for a little girl.
- Using a darker shade of colors for glitter paint create much amazing graffiti. Using this would be a good idea for boys room
Removing Glitter Paint
Glitter wall paint takes 2 to3 hours for touch dry and it dries fully approximately in 18 to 24 hours. Although, the bond of paint with the wall gets obscure with the passage of time. Though, this paint is very famous among children. However, if you want to remove this paint or want to repaint the room with a new design, color and graffiti the follow the following procedures for scraping it off from the base. This process can take several hours or even can take days. work is pretty messy and it has to be done with proper precautions.
- Use a sand paper for scraping the wall. While scrapping do not forget to use a respirator. Furthermore, be sure about the closure of the neighboring rooms.
- Cover all the furniture with plastics sheets, if not available, dislocate the furniture, curtains and other important things.
Paint is designed for decoration and hiding off the imperfection of walls and ceilings. However, Glitter paint is specially designed for this purpose. It provides utmost decoration and fanciness to the room. Children from every country and every part of the world fancy this paint. Many architects and designers recommend painting one of your rooms with this paint. It implies significant impact on your houses’ look.